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Orderly Book of General De Lancy's 3 Battalions of LOYALISTS 1776-1778

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Orderly Book of The Three Battalions of LOYALISTS commanded by Brigadier - General Oliver De Lancy, 1776-1778;  to which is appended a list of New York Loyalists in the City of New York during the war of the Revolution, compiled by William Kelby, Vol III, "John Divine Jones Fund Series," by the New York Historical Society, New York, 1917:  147 Pages
PREFACE of the Text
     This volume, the third of the series of the publications of "The John Divine Jones Fund," contains an Orderly Book, 17761778, relating to the Battalions of Loyalists or Provincial Troops, raised for the defense of Long Island, and commanded by Brigadier General Oliver De Lancey, and mentions several regiments of the British Army and other provincial troops.
     Upon the submission of Long Island to the British in 1776, Sir William Howe, Commander in Chief of the British Forces made the following appointments which were announced at Headquarters, New York Island, September 29, 1776, viz.:
     Oliver De Lancey, Esq., Brigadier General and Colonel of the 1st Battalion; John Harris Cruger, Esq., Lieut. Colonel; Captain Joseph Greene, late of the 40th Regiment, Major; 2nd battalion, George Brewerton, Esq., Colonel; Stephen De Lancey, Esq., Lieut. Colonel; Thomas Bowden, Esq., Major; 3rd Battalion, Gabriel Ludlow, Esq., Colonel; Richard Hewlet, Esq., Lieut. Colonel; A. Menzies, Esq., Major; A. Campbell, Esq., Major Brigade.
     The above officers had "offered their services to raise a Brigade of provincials of three Battalions of 500 men each for the service of His Majesty and the suppression of the present unnatural Rebellion." The Brigade was raised for the defense of Long IsIand with the understanding they were not to leave the Island for any service elsewhere. The entire third Battalion consisted of natives or Inhabitants of Queens County. In the winter of 1776-77 these battalions were stationed one at Oyster Bay, one at Huntington and one at Brookhaven. In making out the commission for this Corps, after the words "for the defense of Long Island" the words "and other exigencies" were added and in May, 1777, the 1st and 2nd battalions were ordered to embark at Flushing, L.I., and land at Morrisania from whence they proceeded to Kingsbridge. The following month the 1st battalion returned to Long Island while the 2nd battalion remained at Kingsbridge.
     In the Spring of 1778 the forts which had been erected at Huntington and Brookhaven were ordered to be destroyed much to the dismay of the Inhabitants of Long Island who were thereafter harassed by raiding parties of the Americans coming from the Connecticut shore. The 1st and 3rd battalions then encamped near Newtown, L.I. When the Southern campaign was organized the 1st and 2nd battalions of De Lancey's Brigade were sent in November 1778 to Georgia, with several other Regiments all under the command of Lieut. Col. Archibald Campbell where they served until the evacuation of Georgia and South Carolina by the British. The 3rd battalion was stationed at Lloyd's Neck where they remained until the evacuation of New York City. All three battalions disbanded in Nova Scotia.
     This Orderly Book covers the period from September 1776, to June I, 1778, and relates mainly to the 1st and 3rd battalion of De Lancey's Brigade and their service on Long Island.
The earliest entry in the orderly book September 29, 1776 telling of the organization of the Brigade, appears after the date of May 12, 1777, in the original and consequently is so printed.
     The Orderly Book is followed by a list of the New York Loyalists or Adherents to the British Crown in the City of New York, during the War of the Revolution, compiled by William Kelby, late Librarian of The New York Historical Society.
     Mr. Kelby for years had made a study of the Loyalists, with a view of publishing a volume, with notes, but his death on July 27, 1898, prevented the completion of the work. The list is from contemporary manuscripts and newspapers (1917) covering the period 1776-1783, and is alphabetically arranged.


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